1.0 INTRODUCTION

Stratification is a very general term referring to a hierarchy of inequality. Traditionally, the term has been applied mostly to societal rather than to other types of social systems. There has been disagreement among analysis in the stratification sense, there is general agreement that it involves “economic”, prestige, and power differences or some combination of them.

2.0 OBJECTIVES

At the end of this unit, you should be able to:

  1. define and fully describe social stratification 
  2. describe the stratification dimension 
  3. describe the bases on which people are stratified. 

3.0 MAIN CONTENT

3.1 Definition of Social Stratification

Social stratification is defined as the unequal distribution of attributes, qualities, or possessions among members of a society that at usually regarded within that society as desirable and valuable.

3.2 Stratification Dimension

Now, that you have been exposed to what is meant by stratification, then there is need to discuss the pattern of stratification within a society. In reality, social scientists make use of three dimensions, namely: (i) Class (ii) Status (iii) Power
Class: This refers to the relative amount of money, wealth and other economic goods that a person or social group possesses.
Status: This refers to the relative degree of prestige and priviledge that a person or social group can successfully claim from other members of the society.
Power: This refers to the ability of ensuring compliance among members of a group.

SELF-ASSESSMENT EXERCISE 1

Explain the three dimensions of stratification that social scientists use.

3.3 Basis on which People are Stratified

Practically, some factors have been considered important for stratification to work effectively. These factors include:

  1.  Power (e.g. political, military or economic power) 
  2. Income (amount, type of and sources) 
  3. Authority. 
  4. Ethnic status, religion, and race 
  5.  Education, learning and wisdom. 
  6. Ownership of property, 
  7. Occupation or skill, and achievement in it, etc. 

SELF-ASSESSMENT EXERCISE 2

Describe the basis on which people are stratified.

4.0 CONCLUSION

Social stratification is a persistent social fact in the modem societies today. For example, functionalists hold that social stratification is an inevitable and necessary element of modem societies.
In this unit, effort has been made to define social stratification, describing the stratification dimension and bases on which people are being stratified. Social stratification has been seen as the division of a society into layers (or strata) whose occupants have unequal access to social opportunities and rewards. In a stratified society, social inequality is institutionalised; that is, it is part of the social structure and is passed from one generation to another.

6.0 TUTOR-MARKED ASSIGNMENT

  1.  What do you understand by social stratification? 
  2.  Describe what you understand by stratification dimension. 
  3.  Describe what you understand by bases on which people are stratified. 

THANKS FOR VISIT TO PROJECTandMATERIALS 

Not just projectandmaterials but the no.1 ultimate source to all your educational info resources and project materials of various discipline.

RESEARCH COURSES

All research courses listed on our website is for educational and  Research  purpose, Locate your course title and access the research  materials. 

 The research courses comprises of two categories.  Note: success occur when opportunity meets preparation…go for success, go for the feature, study to show your self approve. 

       GET  PROJECT TOPICS & MATERIALS 

FEEL FREE TO CONTACT US FOR COMPLETE PROJECT TOPICS AND MATERIALS AVAILABLE 24/7 ONLINE AND HOME SERVICE DELIVERING.

VISIT FOR Available project topics and materials / view departments


SOCIAL STRATIFICATION

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *