Relief which is subdivided into mountains and hills, plateau and plain
Drainage made up of rivers and lakes
Vegetation — forests
Climate — a generalization of the weather condition of a place (temperature, wind and rainfall).
How man influences his physical environment
How man is influenced by his physical environment: man on the other hand is influenced by his physical environment, he adapt himself to the physical environment around him, he sleep and rest at night when he cannot see and work in the day time, further more since he cannot control weather, the only thing he has to do is to build shelters to protect himself from cold, when he lives near river, lakes, oceans, he does fishing and where there is arable land he does farming, he also keeps livestock in grassland region. Man takes to lumbering when he lives in forest regions.
Man influences his Social environment
Social environment is the society which man lives and the life in it, it includes schools, church, communication, hospitals and music.
Man influences his social environment by respecting the laws and customs of his community e.g. laws of an Indian hemp, inflation and boarding of fuel and stealing etc., and customs such as inheritance of property of late relations and parents, chieftaincy. Other Nigerian customs are: language spoken by different tribes in Nigeria, greetings and respect for authority in different parts of Nigeria which varies from place to place, dresses, drums and dresses, family circle, marriage customs and occupational culture e.g. Benin wood car VING, AKWATE cloth weaving and AWKA black smiths.
The story of what mans eat (food)
Food which is what we eat is the substance which after being digested nourishes the body.
No were does man affect the environment more profoundly than in the production and assimilation of his food. All our foods, ultimately come from plants. Obviously much of our food such as cereals vegetable, fruits are directly supplied by plants, all these come from land, large fish may feed on smaller ones which in turn may feed in crustacean in the sea but crustacean feeds on small floating plants called plankon. These series of food linked together is called food chain. The source of food we eat therefore come boyh from land and sea.